HIV by the numbers

first_imgWith a bachelor’s degree in mathematical biology, Nadia Abuelezam once considered herself a mathematician who used her skills to tackle public health problems. But after five years as a doctoral student at Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH), she no longer identifies herself as a numbers person first: “I think I’m an epidemiologist at heart,” she says.Abuelezam, who studied both pure and applied mathematics during her undergraduate years at Harvey Mudd College in California, graduated from HSPH in May with a doctor of science in epidemiology.Between her junior and senior years of college, Abuelezam took advantage of an opportunity to travel to Uganda to work with The AIDS Support Organization. The work was described as an IT project to improve the organization’s information-storing capacity as it transitioned from paper to electronic medical records. But after arriving in Uganda, she discovered the organization had a greater need for hands-on help with direct services, and her visit turned into a crash course in the field of public health. Abuelezam counted antiretroviral therapy pills in a pharmacy, traveled to villages for HIV testing days, and sat in on counseling and group therapy sessions with patients. It was a “transformative and formative introduction to HIV,” she said. Read Full Storylast_img read more

Mosquitoes bite

first_imgAgnique has an active ingredient that forms a film onthe water surface, smothering mosquito larvae. You can buy itfrom Adapco by calling 1-800-367-0659.Altosid 30-Day Briquets (on-line) and ZodiacPreventative Mosquito Control (in pet stores) containmethoprene, an insect growth regulator.Bactimos Briquets, Mosquito Dunks andMosquito Bits contain Bti, a bacterium specific tomosquitoes. You can get them on-line or in hardware,feed-and-seed and garden stores. By April ReeseUniversity of GeorgiaAfter five years of drought, Georgia came into this spring with abacklog of unhatched mosquito eggs. Now, suddenly, the state isfacing a mosquito “baby boom.”Mosquito eggs lie dormant until they’re immersed in water, whichsignals them to hatch, said Nancy Hinkle, a University of Georgiascientist. Because Georgia hasn’t had enough rain to flood theirhabitats in years, leftover eggs from years gone by were justwaiting to be soaked and stimulated to hatch.Hinkle, an entomologist with the UGA College of Agricultural andEnvironmental Sciences, said the best way to limit the insects’population explosion is to focus on pools of water left behind byall the rains. These are prime breeding grounds for mosquitoes.Don’t worry about ditches or streams where the water is moving.”Mosquito larvae can’t develop in flowing water,” Hinkle said.Controlling breeding sitesThe cheapest and best way to control mosquitoes, she said, is toget rid of places where they breed.Used tires, for instance, are “significant breeding sites,”Hinkle said. “Tires should be recycled and properly disposed ofto keep them from becoming mosquito sources.”There are more potential mosquito nurseries than you might think,Hinkle said. She suggests these tips: Mosquito Larvicide ProductsHinkle said many over-the-counter products kill mosquito larvae. Around the yard, remove any container that holds water, orturn it upside down.Clean out birdbaths weekly and replenish them with freshwater.Drain or flush the water weekly in wading pools, flowerpotsaucers and other spots where water collects.Clean rain gutters so water doesn’t puddle.Trim shrubbery and eliminate tall grass and weeds where adult mosquitoes hide during the day. Another biological control option is stocking standing water with”mosquito fish,” or gambusia.”These small minnows feed on mosquito larvae and reproduce, sothey maintain themselves and provide ongoing suppression,” Hinklesaid.You can stock lily pools, ponds, ditches and even livestock-watering troughs with these tiny fish. Order them on-line.For severe mosquito infestations, consider hiring a professionalpest-control company with expertise in mosquito control.For personal protectionFor the mosquitoes that have already hatched, repellents can helpprotect you from bites. Hinkle suggests ways to limit yourexposure to mosquitoes. Always follow label instructions to protect you and theenvironment, Hinkle said.But she advises caution about what you buy to control mosquitoes.They’re not always what they claim to be. “Mosquito plants don’trepel mosquitoes,” she said. “Neither do garlic, herbal braceletsor ultrasonic devices.”Traps that use light or carbon dioxide to lure in insects mayattract more mosquitoes than they kill. If you’re considering oneof these bug-busters, “Give the device to a neighbor a blockaway,” Hinkle said.To learn more about controlling mosquitoes, call the Universityof Georgia Extension Service office in your county. Or visit theWest Nile Web site at Reese is a student writer with the University of GeorgiaCollege of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.) Wear light-colored clothes outside. Dark colors attractmosquitoes.Stay indoors at dawn and dusk, when mosquitoes are usuallymost active.Wear a repellent containing DEET, and treat clothing with aproduct such as Permanone (containing permethrin). Herbalrepellents work for less than an hour.If you use citronella candles, orient them so the breezedirects the candle smoke toward you. The smoke is what repelsmosquitoes.last_img read more

Court amends criminal rules

first_imgCourt amends criminal rules June 15, 2004 Gary Blankenship Senior Editor Regular News Court amends criminal rules Prompting the governor to look into the rulemaking process Senior Editor The Florida Supreme Court has approved changes to the Florida Rules of Criminal Procedure to handle the determination of mental retardation of defendants facing the death penalty, angering Gov. Jeb Bush who said the court failed to follow state law.Bush said he intended to consult with legislative leaders about constitutional changes to prevent the court from usurping legislative intent through court procedural rules.The court ruled in a unanimous per curiam opinion on May 20 in Amendments to Florida Rules of Criminal Procedure and Florida Rules of Appellate Procedure, case no. SC03-685. Justices Barbara Pariente and Raoul Cantero also wrote concurring opinions.The opinion noted that the legislature passed F.S. §921.137 in 2001 which barred the execution of mentally retarded persons and established a method for determining whether defendants were mentally retarded. The law required the determination of retardation to be made after conviction and after a jury recommended death or the prosecution announced its intent to seek death even though the jury recommended life imprisonment. It also established a clear and convincing level of proof and was not retroactive.The next year, the U.S. Supreme Court in Atkins v. Virginia, 336 U.S. 304 (2002), held that executing the mentally retarded violated the Eighth Amendment, and that states were free to establish their own methods for determining mental retardation.The Criminal Procedure Rules Committee submitted proposed rules to implement F.S. §921.137 before the Atkins decision. After that ruling, the court on its own motion published rules (which were noticed in the May 15, 2003, Bar News ) and invited comment.“In response to the proposed rules, this court received comments,” the opinion said. “Circuit Judge O.H. Eaton and the Criminal Court Steering Committee submitted proposed rules as a substitute for the rules proposed by the court. We accept these comments and suggestions as being well advised and now adopt a rule which is primarily in the form adopted by Judge Eaton and the committee. We appreciate their work with respect to this issue.”The rule establishes procedures for four types of cases: cases that have not begun when the new rules go into effect October 1; cases when the trial has started as of October 1; cases when a direct appeal is pending; and cases when the direct appeal is final.The rule also did not set an evidentiary standard for the judge to use in determining whether the defendant is mentally retarded and did require that the determination be made before trial in all future cases.Pariente wrote her concurring opinion to address the evidentiary standard issue. She noted the court had been cautioned that the clear and convincing standards in state law would likely be found unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court.While Atkins did not address a standard, in Cooper v. Oklahoma, 517 U.S. 348 (1996), “the Court held that a state law requiring a defendant to establish incompetence to stand trial by clear and convincing evidence was unconstitutional,” Pariente wrote. By not including a standard in the rules, she added, “The issue will then come to us in the form of an actual case or controversy rather than a nonadversarial rules proceeding.”She also suggested that the legislature revisit the issue, since the Atkins ruling came out after it enacted the law, and noted that most states that have addressed this issue have adopted a preponderance of the evidence standard.“Amendment of the burden of proof could eliminate potentially lengthy litigation on the constitutionality of the statutory standard and the delay in capital cases in which mental retardation is an issue,” Pariente wrote.Chief Justice Harry Lee Anstead concurred in her opinion.Cantero, in his concurring opinion, addressed why the rules require the determination of mental retardation to be made before trial, instead of after conviction and after a jury has recommended death or the prosecution seeks to override a jury life-sentence recommendation. Of 25 states with similar laws, 11 require it pretrial, five have no time — which allows it to be pretrial — and only three, including Florida, have it after conviction, he noted.“A death penalty case, involving the ultimate penalty, invokes a host of pre- and post-trial procedures, as well as requirements for court and counsel, that do not exist in any other context,” Cantero wrote. “To ensure that those procedures, which can be time-consuming and expensive, are invoked only when death is a possible sentence, the defendant, the state, and the judicial system all should desire a prompt determination of mental retardation.”He listed eight specific areas where the courts could save money, including that judges and counsel would not have to meet the higher standards for death penalty cases, penalty phase investigations and proceedings would be eliminated, the jury would not have to be death qualified, and no penalty phase trial would have to be conducted.Pariente and Anstead concurred in Cantero’s opinion.The court’s action created Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.203 and amended Rule of Appellate Procedure 9.142(c), which allows prosecutors to appeal when a judge rules a defendant is mentally retarded.In a May 20 letter to Secretary of State Glenda E. Hood reporting he had signed SB 44, which extended the deadline for inmates to seek a review of DNA evidence in their cases, Bush noted he opposed the court last year suspending the original DNA testing deadline of October 1, 2003. He said it was a use of judicial rulemaking to override legislative policy.“For the same reason, I disagree with the action taken today by the Florida Supreme Court that significantly revises legislation addressing the issue of mental-retardation claims in capital cases,” Bush wrote. “Whether the court agrees or disagrees with legislative policy, the court should not subordinate state laws, written by representatives elected by the people, to the court’s own policy preferences.“I intend to review the court’s use of its rulemaking power and discuss potential state constitutional reforms with legislative leadership in the near future.”Earlier this year, a proposed constitutional amendment was introduced in a Florida House committee that would remove from the Supreme Court the right to write court procedural rules and instead give it to the legislature.The amendment was discussed but never acted on, and Bar President Miles McGrane reached an agreement with Rep. Gus Barreiro, R-Miami, sponsor of the bill. That agreement would add legislators to the procedural rules committee and also see that lawmakers are informed about recommended and pending rule amendments.The court’s opinion and the new procedural rules can be seen on the court’s Web site at read more

Edward Leo Jackson

first_imgEdward Leo Jackson, 63, of Dillsboro, IN, passed away Saturday, July 16, 2016 in Dillsboro, Indiana.He was born Sunday, September 7, 1952 in Cincinnati, OH, Son of the late Leo Jackson and the late Gertrude Puthoff Jackson.Edward worked as an electrician for Cincinnati Fan Company. He enjoyed fishing and caving, also known as spelunking and Edward was an avid reader.Surviving are children, Carrie Jackson, of Indiana, and Jennifer Ketenbrink of Rising Sun, IN; siblings, Sally (Dan) Karl of Milford, OH, Bob Jackson of Georgetown, KY, Joe (Vickie Gump) Jackson of Montgomery, OH. and Mary (Ron) Barnett of Carlisle, OH; granddaughter, Lily Ketenbrink.He was preceded in death by his parents and a sister Lorraine Jackson.A memorial services will be held at the Rising Sun Church of the Nazarene, 1013 Burgess Ave, Rising Sun, Indiana 47040 on Monday, July 25, 2016 at 11:00 am.Contributions in lieu of flowers may be made to the Rising Sun Church of the Nazarene. If unable to attend services, please call the funeral home officeat (812) 926-1450 and we will notify the family of your donation with a card.Visit: www.rullmans.comlast_img read more

Sunderland: No wrongdoing over Ji

first_imgSunderland say none of their Premier League rivals have raised any formal objection to the fact that they received just a fine for fielding South Korean striker Ji Dong-won while ineligible. A club spokesperson said on Friday: “The issue of Ji Dong-won was explained in detail to (Friday’s) Premier League shareholders meeting and no issues were raised by any club. “Sunderland AFC confirmed that they had complied with all the procedures and the Premier League stated that the player was duly registered on the extranet system and in all other Premier League mechanisms. “The club has never accepted any wrongdoing, but did acknowledge that a technical fault occurred and as such, were fined by the Premier League accordingly in December. “The matter is now closed.” MK Dons said in a statement: ” The club sought clarification from the Football League regarding the allegations and the League confirmed that they only became aware of the situation in late November. “The club acknowledges that the Football League board dealt with the situation as they saw fit and will not be pursuing the matter further.” However, former Sunderland manager Steve Bruce, who signed Ji in June 2011, was less forgiving. ”That’s pretty bizarre stuff that it’s only surfaced now and he’s played in four games,” the Hull manager said on Friday morning. Press Association ”They should be in serious trouble, I would have thought.” Asked if he would expect a club fielding an ineligible player to be handed a points deduction, Bruce replied: ”It’s the first I have heard of it and it will be interesting, I would have thought so though.” Sources on Wearside insist there is no ongoing investigation amid speculation that the relegation-threatened club could yet be docked points. Sunderland currently lie in 19th place in the table, four points adrift of safety with just eight games to play. Press Association Sport also understands club secretary Liz Coley left her job in December to take up a new position, but not as a result of the problem with Ji’s clearance. Ji featured as a substitute in league games against Fulham, Southampton and Manchester United and from the start at Crystal Palace before the mistake was discovered. Only one of those games, a 1-1 draw at Southampton on August 24, saw then manager Paolo Di Canio’s side rewarded with a point. The confusion appears to surround the striker’s return to Sunderland after a loan spell with German Bundesliga club Augsburg last season. His spell back in English football, however, proved brief and he returned to Augsburg, this time on a permanent deal, in January this year having made just two more senior appearances under current boss Gus Poyet. Ji initially joined the Black Cats from Chunnam Dragons for £2million in June 2011 during Bruce’s spell in charge, but started only six senior games for the club, although he did score a memorable winner against Manchester City on New Year’s Day 2012. Cardiff boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer, whose side is currently one place and a single point better off than Sunderland, was philosophical on the matter. He said: ”We accept whatever the outcome is. I don’t say I’m not bothered, but there’s not a lot I can do.” Asked how he would feel if the Bluebirds’ survival or otherwise came down to one point, Solskjaer added: ”It would be ifs and buts, but you have to accept whatever is the decision made. ”You have got to trust (the Premier League) to make the right decision according to the rules. I can’t read through the rules and regulations and put a point across now. ”But hopefully we will have enough points to be safe anyway.” The Black Cats issued a statement on Friday afternoon denying any wrongdoing in regard to the matter. Ji made four Barclays Premier League appearances without the correct international clearance, plus one in the Capital One Cup. Their opponents in that competition, MK Dons, also released a statement on Friday saying they would not pursue the matter further. Sunderland were fined in December last year after they alerted league officials to the fact that they did not have international clearance for Ji, although the news has only emerged in the last 24 hours. last_img read more

The Bar-On Brief: Coronavirus has brought societal flaws to the fore

first_imgThe most fearful aspect of this new virus is fear itself: It’s the unknown nature of the virus, its rapid infection rate and its unidentified cure that’s been causing the media frenzy and global panic that’s tanked the stock markets.  Putting aside the blatant intolerance of religious and familial obligations this rule brings to USC, the coronavirus outbreak shows logically why it’s simply a bad policy. Hopefully, the University realizes the absurdity of implementing online classes to promote student safety and forcing sick students to attend class to promote student discipline.  Professors must be more accomodating. In many courses, students simply cannot afford missing a day or more of classes, for fear of their grades dropping; in turn, they force themselves to attend lectures, consequently spreading illnesses to their peers. There are a few lessons we’ve already learned from the outbreak. First, we must unite. Ordinary reason would hold that a common enemy unites those who wouldn’t otherwise be allies. The current response to coronavirus hasn’t completely affirmed that logic. While President Donald Trump has yet to declare the outbreak an emergency and call for a united response, even going so far as to call it the Democrats’ “new hoax,’’ opposing politicians have been quick to use the outbreak for political points.  In times like these, when the most we can do is maintain healthy hygiene and limit our contact with symptomatic people, our time is best used to consider future implications of this outbreak. In the meantime, for those of us on the receiving end of University and government directives, we ought to consider improvements to the way our society is currently structured. Because while this state of emergency will eventually attenuate, it exposes deep flaws in the community. And, as much as I hate to say it, coronavirus will not be the last of its kind.  The popular Instagram page “Overheard University” accepts submissions of quotes students hear on their campuses across the country. Last week, a professor’s quote from USC made the cut. According to the post, the professor said the following: “Only documented medical illnesses count for absences. I hear people are worried about the coronavirus and I don’t care. The only reason I want to hear for why you can’t come to class to turn in your paper on Thursday is that you were hit by a bus while reading about the virus spreading.”  The second lesson, specifically aimed at college campuses, is to rethink our illness policies.   While there is no way to know whether this particular professor jokingly or seriously made this comment, the point still stands: The University must revisit its guidelines on excused absences.  I am hopeful that we will overcome this frightening period. Whether medical professionals develop a vaccine or successful quarantines effectively prevent the virus’ spread, the world will get through this. Of course, it won’t be without a cost. Previous worldwide pandemics in recent memory, including the Zika, Ebola, Spanish flu, and the 2009 swine flu killed millions of people in total.   Shauli Bar-On is a junior writing about sociopolitical issues. His column, “The Bar-On Brief,” runs every other Tuesday. COVID-19, colloquially known as the coronavirus, has taken the world by storm. It has disrupted lives around the world like almost nothing that came before it. On college campuses, study abroad programs and spring break trips have been canceled, large group gatherings have been suspended and, soon, classes may transition to being virtual only.  Candi Cdebeca, a city councilwoman in Denver, shared a since-deleted tweet that read, “For the record, if I do get the coronavirus I’m attending every MAGA rally I can.” And a New York State Assembly staffer shared a message on Facebook advising people to avoid Asian-owned businesses.   The Daily Trojan reported on Jan. 31 that the cinematic arts school would no longer distinguish between excused and unexcused absences in the spring semester, and that each absence would decrease a student’s grade by 10% after the second absence. On Feb. 2, the Daily Trojan reported that the University updated its attendance policy and allow exceptions for exceptional situations such as family emergencies. last_img read more