Sumatran tigers face perilous future as efforts made to improve breeding in captivity

first_img“Sumatran tigers overseas are from wildlife exchanges between Indonesian zoos and foreign zoos – some are also gifts from Indonesian presidents when visiting other countries in the past,” the ministry ‘s biodiversity conservation director Indra Exploitasia told The Jakarta Post on Monday.Indra said human intervention in the form of a global species management plan to improve genetic variation among Sumatran tigers was needed after the ministry found in a 2016 study that tigers in captivity were less genetically diverse, increasing their likelihood of becoming extinct. Such an intervention could also prevent inbreeding, which can cause serious genetic problems.“In Indonesia, we recommend that Sumatran tigers in captivity be exchanged between zoos. We will soon include Sumatran tigers abroad while also recording them in a studbook,” Indra said.Read also: Habitat loss pushes Sumatran tiger out of forests, into conflicts with humans The recent birth of a Sumatran tiger, a critically endangered species native to Indonesia, at the Wroclaw Zoo in Poland is a welcome development, as its wild relatives continue to face threats in their natural habitat in Indonesia.The female cub was born on May 29 from her 7-year-old mother Nuri and 11 year old father Tengah, but news of her arrival was made public only recently. The cub is yet to be named and the zoo has invited the public to offer suggestions via its Facebook account.There are 402 Sumatran tigers in captivity, 130 of which are in Indonesia, with the rest in zoos in Europe, Australia, Japan and the United States, according to Indonesian Environment and Forestry Ministry. Topics :center_img Wildlife trafficking expert Dwi Nugroho Adhiasto from Wildlife Conservation Society’s (WCS) Indonesia office said that tracing every Sumatran tiger born in captivity was key to their survival, as their natural habitat and numbers in the wild continue to decline.About 600 Sumatran tigers are believed to remain in the wild, according to a government estimate. Native to the island of Sumatra, the tigers are considered critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).The Sumatran tiger is the only surviving subspecies of the Sunda Islands tigers that once included the now-extinct Bali and Javan tigers. Compared to its other living relatives, like the Bengal tiger and Indochinese tiger, the Sumatran tiger is the smallest in size, with stripes closer together, darker orange fur and a beard and mane.Global Tiger Day is commemorated across the globe on July 29 every year to raise awareness about tiger conservation.At home, some conservation groups have hosted numerous campaigns to celebrate the day in the past.But poaching and conflict between humans and Sumatran tigers persist in Sumatra, especially in areas where rainforest is cleared to make way for plantations, often leading to the deaths of tigers.Read also: COVID-19 won’t stop Indonesia from conserving endangered wildlife treasuresA Sumatran tiger was found dead after reportedly ingesting toxic substances in South Aceh, Aceh on June 29. A suspect has not been named in the case.The incident came about a week after the Aceh Police arrested four suspected poachers for killing another Sumatran tiger. The poachers allegedly trapped the animal and left it to die. The police confiscated the tiger pelt along with teeth and bones from the suspected traffickers.In neighboring North Sumatra, a buried carcass of a male tiger was uncovered in Batang Gadis National Park on June 23. The tiger’s pelt and organs were missing.In a separate case in Riau, a tiger was found dead in a conservation area in Siak on May 18 with one of its legs caught in a wire trap.Read also: Endangered Sumatran tiger found dead, ensnared in RiauPoaching accounts for almost 80 percent of Sumatran tiger deaths, according to TRAFFIC, a global wildlife trade monitoring network.Deforestation has intensified conflicts between humans and tigers and increased the risk of extinction of the Sumatran tiger, the Zoological Society of London’s (ZSL) Indonesia program warned. In South Sumatra alone, the four remaining natural habitats for tigers are shrinking because of deforestation, ZSL said. The four habitats are among just 23 areas suitable for Sumatran tigers across Sumatra Island.Dwi from WCS said the tigers could easily reproduce in the wild, so protecting their habitat was more important than trying to release those in captivity into the wild. He said the carrying capacity of Sumatran tiger habitat – how many animals a certain environment can support – must be improved by making sure they have enough prey, sources of water and mates.“Captivity is the last resort if the population in the wild declines,” Dwi said. “But, what good is that hard work [of releasing tigers in captivity into the wild] if they still face threats in their natural habitat?”last_img read more

SalMar Names Witzøe New CEO

first_imgNorwegian fish farm company SalMar has appointed Gustav Witzøe as it chief executive officer, effective 21 October 2019.From this date the current CEO, Olav Andreas Ervik, will become managing director of the new subsidiary SalMar Ocean and responsible for the company’s ventures in ocean-based fish farming.SalMar’s initiatives in ocean-based fish farming has to date been organised as a business area within SalMar and headed by Gustav Witzøe. These activities will now be transferred to a subsidiary which Ervik wanted to lead, the company said.Both Witzøe and Ervik emphasise that this change will ensure continuity in management and that it is a logical consequence of SalMar’s ambition to lead in the development of ocean-based fish farming.According to the company, the board of directors considers this a good foundation for the continued positive development of SalMar, both within ocean-based and conventional fish farming.last_img read more

IMCA Modifieds return to Jamestown’s Stock Car Stampede special

first_imgJAMESTOWN, N.D. (Sept. 24) – Xtreme Motor Sports IMCA Modifieds return to the Stock Car Stampede program at Jamestown Speedway this weekend, racing for $2,000 to win and a minimum of $300 to start.Heat races begin on Friday, Sept. 25 with “B” features preceding the Saturday, Sept. 26 main event, a quali­fier for the 2016 Fast Shafts All-Star Invitational ballot.IMCA Speedway Motors Weekly Racing National, Belleville Motorsports North Central Region and Allstar Performance State points will be awarded. Non-qualifiers who finish their “B” race will be paid $50.Pit gates open at 10 a.m. Friday for the 44th annual event and the draw ends at 6 p.m. Racing starts at 7 p.m. that evening. Pit gates open at 2 p.m. and racing starts at 5 p.m. on Saturday.Spectator admission on Friday is $18 for adults and $10 for kids ages 6-14; a family pass is $45. Saturday grandstand admission is $23 for adults and $10 for kids. Family passes are $55.Camping will be available on a first come, first served basis on the fairgrounds. Some electrical and water hookups are available but there is no RV sewer dump on the grounds. There is a $10 security fee for any race car parked on the grounds Thursday night.More information is posted on the www.jamestownspeedway.com website. The Stampede is the final sanctioned point event in North Dakota this season.Hank Berry took the checkers when the IMCA Modifieds made their Stampede debut last September.last_img read more

Juventus top MLS All-Stars on penalties

first_imgAfter Wright-Phillips’ effort bounced off the post to leave Juventus up 4-3 — Mattia De Sciglio fired into the upper left corner past Columbus goalkeeper Zack Steffen to settle it.Andrea Favilli had put Juventus ahead in the 21st minute, heading in a curling cross by Matheus Pereira.The MLS All-Stars, selected from around the league through fan voting, pulled level in the 26th minute through Atlanta United’s Josef Martinez — the Venezuela star and former Torino forward who leads MLS with 24 goals in 23 matches.Juventus keeper Wojciech Szczesny saved an initial effort, but after a scramble in the area, Martinez bundled the ball in to score in front of his home crowd.Diego Valeri of the MLS All-Stars scores the third penality kick against Juventus during their 2018 MLS All-Star Game, at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia, on August 1 © GETTY/AFP / Kevin C. Cox“It’s been a moving week here,” Martinez said. “I have to thank all the fans in Atlanta for the way they support us all the time and the wonderful experience in this game.”He added, however, that there was “a lot of pressure” on the All-Star team.“Beyond the fact that we had a very good opponent, it was an important game, especially a team of this caliber. We had never played together before. We only had three days to meet, but I think we looked good despite that.”It marked the second straight year that the All-Star Game ended in a 1-1 draw to go to a shoot-out. Last year, Real Madrid beat the All-Stars 4-2 on penalties at Soldier Field in Chicago.The crowd was the largest ever for the MLS All-Star game, surpassing the 70,728 for the 2010 edition in Houston.The game was one of four matches for Juventus on their North American tour, but they haven’t brought off-season acquisition Cristiano Ronaldo, the five-time Ballon d’Or winner whose 100 million-euro ($117 million) move from European champions Real Madrid was announced in July.With three wins from three matches, Juventus will look to make it a clean sweep of the tour on Saturday night against Real Madrid at FedEx Field in Washington, DC.“It was really a wonderful game, and it was a good preparation for us,” said Juventus manager Massimiliano Allegri, who said he was “very pleasantly surprised” by the atmosphere in Atlanta.“You know it’s not easy to put 70,000 people in a stadium like today,” he said.The All-Stars were without Los Angeles Galaxy forward Zlatan Ibrahimovic, who was voted into the contest against his former club by fans but would have been playing in his third game in seven days.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Goalkeeper Zack Steffen of the MLS All-Stars fails to block a penalty shot by Mattia De Sciglio of Juventus during their 2018 MLS All-Star Game, at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia, on August 1 © GETTY/AFP / Kevin C. CoxWASHINGTON, United States, Aug 2 – Serie A champions Juventus got the best of Major League Soccer’s All-Stars in a penalty shootout on Wednesday after an entertaining 1-1 draw in the North American league’s mid-season exhibition.Before a crowd of 72,317 at Mercedes-Benz Stadium — home of MLS’s Atlanta United — Juventus prevailed 5-3 in the shoot-out after New York Red Bulls forward Bradley Wright-Phillips missed his penalty attempt.last_img read more